We need a new approach to the vexed subject of immigration – and at the core of this must be the reassertion of collective bargaining and trade union strength, writes Len McCluskey.
There is no doubt that concerns about the impact of the free movement of labour in Europe played a large part in the referendum result, particularly in working-class communities.
It is those same communities — traditionally Labour-supporting — where our party is now struggling.
It would be easy to simply say: “Let’s pull up the drawbridge.” However, that would be entirely impractical in today’s world, as well as being undesirable.
Let’s not forget the many economic and cultural benefits Britain has secured from migration.
But we are well past the point where the issue of free movement can be ignored. As long ago as 2009 private surveys of Unite membership opinion were showing that even then our members were more concerned about immigration than any other political issue.
And we are also, I would argue, past the point where working people can be convinced that the free movement of labour has worked for them, their families, their industries and their communities.
Moral arguments may be fine for the middle distance, but if it comes up against the reality of people’s daily experience, these arguments will fail.
Let’s have no doubt: the free movement of labour is a class question.
Karl Marx identified that fact a long time ago. “A study of the struggle waged by the British working class,” he wrote in 1867, “reveals that in order to oppose their workers, the employers either bring in workers from abroad or else transfer manufacture to countries where there is a cheap labour force.”
So it is today. Anyone who has had to negotiate for workers, in manufacturing in particular, knows the huge difficulties that have been caused by the ability of capital to move production around the world — often to China and the Far East or eastern Europe — in search of far lower labour costs and higher profits.
Likewise, the elite’s use of immigration to this country is not motivated by a love of diversity or a devotion to multiculturalism.
It is instead all part of the flexible labour market model, ensuring a plentiful supply of cheap labour here for those jobs that can’t be exported elsewhere.
The benefits of this are easier to see in Muswell Hill than they are in Middlesbrough.
Of course, all socialists must ultimately look forward to a day when people can move freely across the world and live or work where they will.
But that is a utopia removed from the world of today, and would require international economic planning and public ownership to make a reality.
Argument that wage rates are not affected does not stand up to scrutiny either.
Put simply, if all you have to sell is your capacity to work, then its value is going to be affected by an influx of people willing to work for less money and put up with a lower standard of living because it nevertheless improves their own lives.
Supply and demand affects the sale of labour too, pitting worker against worker.
Of course, there is a straightforward trade union response — we need to do everything necessary to organise all workers here into trade unions, wherever they may have been born and whatever their history, and fight for decent pay, proper working conditions and full rights at work.
And we should join the Labour Party in demanding that this country — the sixth richest in the world — provides every worker, wherever they are from, with a decent job and every family with a decent home.
And unions here need to unite with trade unions in other countries to end the playing off of workers in one part of the world against each other, to oppose the power of global capital with the power of a renewed international labour movement.
And let’s not pretend that free movement is a straightforward benefit to the countries workers are leaving behind, being denuded of young people and skilled labour.
Yes, more labour contributes to growth here, but that is growth foregone in poorer countries by that logic.
There is another more immediate argument for the free movement of labour — it is the price for keeping access to the single market, which is essential for so many British jobs.
That problem needs to be frankly acknowledged — fixed barriers to free movement will hardly be acceptable to the European Union if access to the single market is to be retained.
So we need a new approach.
I believe it is time to change the language around this issue and to speak instead of safeguards for communities, for workers, and for industries needing labour.
At the core of this must be the reassertion of collective bargaining and trade union strength.
Unite has proposed that any employer wishing to recruit labour abroad can only do so if they are either covered by a proper trade union agreement, or by sectoral collective bargaining.
Put together with trade unions’ own organising efforts this would change the race-to-the-bottom culture into a rate-for-the-job society.
It would end the fatal attraction of ever cheaper workers for employers without the requirement for formal quotas or restrictions.
Add to this proposal Jeremy Corbyn’s commitment to fair rules and reasonable management of migration, as well as Labour’s pledge to restore the Migrant Impact Fund for communities suddenly affected by large-scale migration, and there is the basis for giving real reassurance to working people in towns and cities abandoned by globalisation.
And let’s not forget what unites all of us:
Anger at the government’s disgraceful treatment of refugees, who deserve safety and protection;
Shame at the Tory attempts to use EU citizens already living and working here as a sort of negotiating card — they must have the right to remain;
And a determination to resist the rise in racist attacks and invective which has blighted our society since the referendum.
Those are the anti-racist priorities of today. Let’s not let pandering to Ukip on the one hand or a utopian ultra-leftism on the other divide us.
- Len McCluskey is standing for re-election as general secretary of Unite. From the Morning Star, December 24th.